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Types of Prostatitis

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
This is caused by bacteria such as E.Coli or Klebsiella usually as a result of a urinary tract infection. It is less common than chronic bacterial prostatitis but is the easiest form to diagnose. Symptoms are usually of sudden onset and severe. The urine will show white blood cells and bacteria.

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
This is also caused by a bacterial infection but continues for a prolonged period of time. It generally develops gradually and the symptoms are less severe than an acute infection but they tend to recur. The urine will also show white blood cells and bacteria.

Chronic Non-bacterial Prostatitis
Also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome, this is the most common and least understood form of prostatitis. The symptoms are generally the same as for bacterial prostatitis but tend to disappear and then return without warning. It may be inflammatory or non-inflammatory. The inflammatory form will show white cells in the urine with no bacterial growth whereas the non-inflammatory form will show neither white cells nor bacteria in the urine.

There are some studies which suggest that inflammation may be caused by urine being forced up the prostatic ducts during urination.

Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis
This form causes no symptoms but white cells are found in the urine, usually when investigations are being carried out for other reasons.

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